Why Pollution Is An Overlooked Issue


For health, environmental, and economic reasons, chemical contamination, also known as nutrient pollution, is a major concern. When human activities, such as the usage of fertilizer on farms, result in chemical runoff into waterways that eventually flow into the ocean, this sort of pollution happens. Increased levels of chemicals in the world ’s oceans, including such inorganic fertilizers, encourage the establishment of algal blooms, which can be poisonous to species and harmful to humans. Algal blooms produce significant health and safety effects, which damage the local fishing and tourism businesses.


Coastal garbage is any manufactured product that ends up in the ocean, the majority of which is plastic. Littering, storm gusts, and poor waste management all contribute to the accumulation of this material, which comes from agricultural resources 80 percent of time. Various plastic items, such as shopping bags and beverage bottles, as well as cigarette butts, bottle caps, food wrappers, and fishing gear, are common types of marine garbage. Along with its lengthy lifespan, plastic garbage is a particularly hazardous pollutant. Decomposition of plastic items might take hundreds of years.


Both humans and animals are at risk from this waste. Fish become caught up in the trash and become injured, and some animals mistake plastic bags for food and ingest them. Small organisms consume microplastic, which is made up of microscopic fragments of broken-down plastic, and absorb the toxins first from plastic into their tissues. Microplastics have been found in a wide variety of marine species, including plankton and whales, with diameters of smaller than five millimeters (0.2 inches). When microplastic-eating microscopic organisms are consumed by larger animals, the hazardous compounds become ingrained in their tissues. Microplastic litter therefore migrates up the food chain, eventually becoming part of the food consumed by humans.